McArthur Binion (b. 1946, Macon, MS; lives and works in Chicago) combines collage, drawing, and painting to create autobiographical abstractions of painted minimalist patterns over a surface of personal documents and photographs. Photocopies of his birth certificate, pages from his address book, his passport photos, newspaper clippings, and photographs of his mother and childhood home constitute the tiled base of his works, over which he layers grids of oil stick. The complexly layered works, from a distance, appear to be monochromatic minimalist abstractions that have led many to compare his work to that of Jasper Johns, Robert Ryman, or Brice Marden. However, while his contemporaries focused more on materiality, abstraction, and in some cases the social and political climate of the time, Binion’s works are intensely personal and deeply dedicated to the rigorous process of making a painting. Upon closer inspection, these monochromatic abstractions come into focus: The perfect grid becomes a series of imperfect, laboriously hand-drawn lines, revealing intimate details of Binion’s identity and personal history. Binion’s gridded compositions impose rational order on the layers of personal history, showing only fragments of information from his birth certificate, or hints of details about his mother—but never enough to be immediately legible. Having begun his career as a writer, Binion is highly influenced by language and music, which can be seen in his titles and the ways he layers information to be “read” rather than simply seen. The tension that exists between the grid and the artist’s visible gestures is not unlike that of jazz music that merges improvisation with the order of a musical composition.
Binion received his BFA from Wayne State University, Detroit, in 1971, and his MFA from the Cranbook Academy of Art, Bloomfield Hills, MI, in 1973. Binion’s works were featured prominently in the 57th Venice Biennale, VIVA ARTE VIVA, curated by Christine Macel. Solo exhibitions of his work have been organized at the Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, (2012); and the University of Maryland University College Gallery, Adelphi, MD (2010). Recent group exhibitions featuring his work includePicturing Mississippi, 1817-2017: Land of Plenty, Pain, and Promise, Mississippi Museum of Art, Jackson, MI (2017); Dimensions of Black: a Collaboration with the San Diego African American Museum of Fine Art, Museum of Contemporary San Diego, San Diego (2017); New at NOMA: Recent Acquisitions in Modern and Contemporary Art, New Orleans Museum of Art, New Orleans (2017); Through the African American Lens, National Museum of African American History and Culture, Washington, DC (2017); Circa 1970, The Studio Museum in Harlem, New York (2016); Prospect.3: Notes for Now, New Orleans (2014); When the Stars Begin to Fall: Imagination in the American South, The Studio Museum in Harlem, New York (2014); and Black in the Abstract, Contemporary Arts Museum Houston, (2013). His work is in numerous public and private collections, including the Cranbrook Art Museum, Bloomfield Hills, MI; Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit; Kemper Museum of Contemporary Art, Kansas City, MO; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; National Museum of African American History and Culture, Washington, DC; New Orleans Museum of Art; The Phillips Collection, Washington, DC; Wayne State University, Detroit; and the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.
比尼恩除了在第57屆威尼斯雙年展「VIVA ARTE VIVA」(2017年）展出作品，也曾舉辦個人展覽，包括美國休斯頓當代藝術博物館（2012年）及美國馬里蘭大學學院畫廊（ 2010年）。他最近參與的群體展覽包括美國密西西比藝術館的「Picturing Mississippi, 1817-2017: Land of Plenty, Pain, and Promise」（2017年）、美國聖地亞哥當代藝術博物館的「Dimensions of Black: a Collaboration with the San Diego African American Museum of Fine Art」（2017年）、美國新奧爾良美術館的「New at NOMA: Recent Acquisitions in Modern and Contemporary Art」（2017年）、美國國立非裔美國人歷史和文化博物館的「Through the African American Lens」（2017年）、美國紐約哈林工作室博物館的「Circa 1970」（2016年）和「When the Stars Begin to Fall: Imagination in the American South」（2014年）、以及美國休斯頓當代藝術博物館的「Black in the Abstract」（2013年）。他的作品可見於多個公營及私人收藏，包括美國密歇根克蘭布魯克藝術博物館、美國底特律藝術學院、美國肯尼亞堪薩斯城肯珀當代藝術博物館、美國紐約大都會藝術博物館、美國國立非裔美國人歷史和文化博物館、美國新奧爾良美術館、美國菲利普斯收藏館、美國底特律韋恩州立大學和美國紐約惠特尼美國藝術博物館。